Paper and ancilary files.
- Three-loop color-kinematics duality: 24-dimensional solution space induced by new generalized gauge transformations
- ancilary files
Guanda Lin, Gang Yang, Siyuan Zhang
We obtain full-color three-loop three-point form factors of the stress-tensor supermultiplet and also of a length-3 half-BPS operator in N=4 SYM based on the color-kinematics duality and on-shell unitarity. The integrand results pass all planar and non-planar unitarity cuts, while satisfying the minimal power-counting of loop momenta and diagrammatic symmetries. Surprisingly, the three-loop solutions, while manifesting all dual Jacobi relations, contain a large number of free parameters; in particular, there are 24 free parameters for the form factor of stress-tensor supermultiplet. Such degrees of freedom are due to a new type of generalized gauge transformation associated with the operator insertion for form factors.The form factors we obtain can be understood as the N=4 SYM counterparts of three-loop Higgs plus three-gluon amplitudes in QCD and are expected to provide the maximally transcendental parts of the latter.